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Estudos Avançados

versão impressa ISSN 0103-4014versão On-line ISSN 1806-9592

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TUNDISI, José Galizia. Water resources in the future: problems and solutions. Estud. av. [online]. 2008, vol.22, n.63, pp.7-16. ISSN 0103-4014.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-40142008000200002.

The present water crisis has many components of an environmental, economical and social origin: overuses of water, pollution, changes in availability, water mismanagement are some of the current problems. To cope with these problems and advance strategies for long term management, the following programs and approaches are presented: a) A watershed approach, integrating research, monitoring, data bank and management; b) An improved water governance system based on participation of stakeholders, public and private sector; c) Strategic studies considering water and economy, water and metropolitan areas, water and energy; d) A framework for international cooperation on shared watersheds; e) An economic evaluation of services of water resources (surface and underground, lakes, rivers and reservoirs). f) A capacity building program for managers, with an integrated, predictive and hydrographic basin approach.

Palavras-chave : Water resources; Planning; Management; sustainability; Future actions.

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