Print version ISSN 0103-4979
MELLO, Paulo Freire. Social cohesion and rural evasion in rural encampments in the south of Brazil. Cad. CRH [online]. 2008, vol.21, n.54, pp. 592-610. ISSN 0103-4979. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-49792008000300012.
Through ethnographies in two encampments in Rio Grande do Sul, the processes of social cohesion and its potentiality in stanching the escape and the rotation in rural areas are discussed. No correlation was found between rural evasion and several variables related to the material dimension in 193 encampments. The adoption of the sociological perspective of the Boltanski critics, in association with punctual contributions of Bourdieu, Wolf and Elias, allowed to understand the mobility and construction of the social cohesion processes of those encamped. The latter is related to reciprocity, especially to kinship and the religious and neighborhood relations. It was verified that the encamped, more and more located in the domestic city, they are building corporate processes, even if in a negotiated way with MST, INCRA and neighborhood.
Keywords : rotation; land reform; reciprocity; sociology of the critic; religion.