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Caderno CRH

Print version ISSN 0103-4979

Abstract

SILVA, Sylvio Bandeira de Mello e; SILVA, Barbara-Christine Nentwig  and  SILVA, Maina Pirajá. Social organization and social and economic indicators in Brazil: an exploratory study. Cad. CRH [online]. 2009, vol.22, n.57, pp. 617-633. ISSN 0103-4979.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-49792009000300013.

The purpose of this work is to analyze the spatial distribution of social capital in Brazil and correlate these results with several indicators of social economic development. Information gathered from IBGE on Private and Non-Profitable Associations that play an important role in society were used. The indicators of social-economic development are the following: Williamson index of regional unbalance, GDP per capita, Human Development Index (HDI), Gini index, rate of infant mortality, life expectancy at birth and school year mean (20-24 years). We used a methodology of statistical and cartographical analysis in different scales of Brazil's territory. The results showed a great variety of situations. However, it is possible to assert that there is a significant correlation between better indicators of social-economic development in states with a greater balance between its number of inhabitants and the presence of social organizations. Therefore, the results are relevant for understanding Brazil's geographic variety.

Keywords : social organization; social capital; socio-economic indicators; development; Brazil.

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