Print version ISSN 0103-4979
AMORIM, Henrique. Labor-value and immaterial labor in contemporary social sciences. Cad. CRH [online]. 2010, vol.23, n.58, pp.191-202. ISSN 0103-4979. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-49792010000100012.
The theory of value was read until presently based on three broad analytical approaches. An approach before Marx, another approach by Marx and the Marxists and the neoclassicist approach. The one before Marx has as its central element the idea that value is a central category to societies with market or barter economy, that in capitalist societies would gain its most advanced expression in the process of wealth creation. In Marx, value is considered as the fundamental market economic category. However, this type of economy is assessed as transient, ie, there is a historical determination of the market economy that is directly linked to the existence of value. As for the neoclassicists, value is a category of economic activity in general, therefore, capitalist economic activity being a particular form of economic activity in general. Its main concern is, in these terms, directed to a general equilibrium supported by the marginalist analysis of value. However, the debate over value today seems to go beyond these classifications. Its recovery is summarized in the following question: do theses on new information technologies and immaterial labor converge to a new form of labor theory of value or to overcome this theory? The main purpose of this paper is to introductorily characterize the main theses of debate in social theory, which incorporate, update or deny the labor theory of value in the process of analysis of immaterial labor.
Keywords : Labor Theory of Value; Labor; Material and Immaterial Labor; Marx; Contemporary Sociology.