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Print version ISSN 0103-4979
NEVES, Clarissa Eckert Baeta and NEVES, Fabrício Monteiro. Research and innovation: new challenges for higher education in Brazil and in Germany. Cad. CRH [online]. 2011, vol.24, n.63, pp.481-502. ISSN 0103-4979. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-49792011000300003.
The article analysis the dynamics of institutional transformations of which universities in Brazil and Germany are going though in order to take up strategic roles in a social, political and economical context, characterized by the dynamics of innovation. Reforms in the higher education system, as well as projects and institutional strategies are objects of analysis on this piece of work. Germany has been going through a intense reform process of its higher education with the implantation of the project Bolonha, in the field scientific research and technology production and in relation to the market with the implantation of the vigorous project of promotion and direction of the national academic research. In Brazil, historically there is a lot of resistance to changes. Predominates the model for higher education still not very diverse and with a low level of relationship with the industry and the market, however lately, there has been a increase on the support of transformation. Systematic and institutional reforms are analysed by the light of historical and social peculiarities of the relationships between universities society in both countries focusing more contemporary dynamics.
Keywords : research and innovation; universities; knowledge; reform; policies.