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Print version ISSN 0103-4979
SAUER, Sérgio and FRANCA, Franciney Carreiro de. Forest Code, socioenviromental function of the earth and food sovereignty. Cad. CRH [online]. 2012, vol.25, n.65, pp. 285-307. ISSN 0103-4979. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-49792012000200007.
This paper aims at discussing the modifications in the Forest Code, especially the proposals of changes in the concepts of Legal Reserve and Permanent Preservation Area (PPA), which undergo a rediscussion process in the House of Representatives, after a presidential enactment with vetoes in the text approved in the House of Representatives on 25 April 2012. To fill in the gaps of the new Law, the Executive Branch edited the first Provisional Measure (PM) 571/2012, which resumes the discussion of the subject. Both the provisions of the New Law and the modifications proposed to the MP text generate food insecurity and aim at eliminating the socioenvironmental function of the earth. The motivation of changes is not related to environmental sustainability or to climatic changes, key issues in the international agenda, but rather to the principle that nature is an obstacle to development. This paper recovers the major modifications in the Forest Code related to the Legal Reserve and to the PPAs, establishing relations (negative impacts) with the socioenvironmental function of the earth and food sovereignty.
Keywords : Environmental code; social and environmental function of the earth; food safety; sustainability.