Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society
versão On-line ISSN 1678-4790
OREFICE, Rodrigo L.; HENCH, Larry L. e BRENNAN, Anthony B.. In vitro bioactivity of polymer matrices reinforced with a bioactive glass phase. J. Braz. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2000, vol.11, n.1, pp. 78-85. ISSN 1678-4790. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532000000100014.
Composites that can mimic the in vitro bioactive behavior of bioactive glasses were designed to fulfill two main features of bioactive glasses that are responsible for their high bond-to-bone rates: (1) capability of providing ions such as calcium and phosphate to the nearby environment and (2) ideal surface structure that allows fast heterogeneous precipitation of hydroxy-carbonate-apatite (HCA). The novel composites were prepared by incorporating bioactive glass particles into polymer matrices. The in vitro bioactivity test was performed by introducing samples into a buffered solution as well as into a simulated body fluid solution. FTIR was used to evaluate the kinetics of HCA (hydroxy-carbonate-apatite) precipitation. The results showed that the obtained composites can supply ions, such as silicates and phosphates in rates and concentrations comparable or superior than bulk bioactive glasses. Moreover, the surface chemistry of the composites was altered to mimic the surface of bioactive glasses. It was demonstrated that the in vitro bioactivity of the composites was enhanced by chemically modifying polymer surfaces through the introduction of special alkoxysilane groups.
Palavras-chave : bioactive polymer composites; biomaterials.