Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society
versión On-line ISSN 1678-4790
OLIVEIRA, Elisabeth de. Sample preparation for atomic spectroscopy: evolution and future trends. J. Braz. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2003, vol.14, n.2, pp. 174-182. ISSN 1678-4790. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532003000200004.
Sample preparation is the critical step of any analytical protocol, and involves steps from simple dilution to partial or total dissolution. The methods include dry or wet decomposition of the samples in open or closed systems, using thermal, ultrasonic or radiant (infrared, ultraviolet and microwaves) energy. This review emphasizes sample preparation for atomic spectroscopy. The present and future tendencies for sample preparation also involve on-line dissolution, extraction of the analytes, speciation, solid sample and slurry analysis, in situ and in vivo procedures, etc. Nowadays the goals are the best result, in the shortest time, with minimum contamination, using the smallest quantities of reagents and samples, and having low residue and waste generation, as well as maintaining the integrity of the sample and the traceability of the results, to have quality and confidence in the measurements as the primordial attributes required by the community and by the users.
Palabras clave : sample preparation; wet and dry digestion; radiant energy; thermal energy; ultrasonic energy; microwaves.