Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society
versión impresa ISSN 0103-5053
versión On-line ISSN 1678-4790
RIBEIRO, Marcela G. y AZZELLINI, Gianluca C.. Synthesis of new cationic metalloporphyrins and heterodimer formation with anionic metallophthalocyanines. J. Braz. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2003, vol.14, n.6, pp.914-921. ISSN 0103-5053. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532003000600008.
There is great interest in the investigation of heterodimers formed by metalloporphyrins and metallophthalocyanines grafted with oppositely charged substituents, since these systems are models of the photosynthetic special pair and promising unidirectional electron transfer molecular devices. In the present study new cationic metalloporphyrin derivatives were synthesized and their association with anionic metallophthalocyanines forming heteroaggregates, investigated. These new cationic porphyrins derivatives show benzylic groups bound to the pyridyl nitrogen atoms of tetra-(pyridyl)porphyrin (TPyP), resulting in additional p systems and more hydrophobic compounds if compared with tetra-(methylpiridinium)porphyrin (H2TMPyP) and tetra-(trimethylaminophenyl)porphyrin (H2TAPP) ligands. It could be observed that both stoichiometry and association constants between cationic porphyrins and anionic phthalocyanines depend on the metal complexed to the macrocycles. Zn(II)porphyrins form preferentially aggregates of 1:1 stoichiometry (porphyrin:phthalocyanine), but when the porphyrin is coordinated to Pd(II) 1:1 and 1:2 (porphyrin:phthalocyanine) aggregates are present in solution. The KPI values are always higher for the heterodimers ZnPorphyrin/CuPhthalocyanine; this behavior is related to the less pronounced out-of-plane distortion of Cu-N compared to Ni-N binding, as a result of axial ligation of a DMSO molecule to the metal ion inserted into the macrocycle core. The KPI values are lower for the heterodimers containing the porphyrins that present the larger benzylic meso-substituent, due to the steric hindrance caused by these groups. These results show that many structural features can control the association between tetrapyrrolic macrocycles. Not only the association can be modulated by these structural factors, but also different photophysical properties should be displayed by these aggregates, and studies in this direction are under way.
Palabras clave : photosynthetic special pair models; cationic porphyrins; heterodimer.