Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society
Print version ISSN 0103-5053
On-line version ISSN 1678-4790
CARNEIRO, Patricia A. et al. Decolourization of anthraquinone reactive dye by electrochemical reduction on reticulated glassy carbon electrode. J. Braz. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2004, vol.15, n.4, pp.587-594. ISSN 0103-5053. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532004000400023.
The electrochemistry reduction for the removal of Reactive Blue 4 (RB4) dye from aqueous solution using reticulated glassy carbon electrode is investigated. At pH < 8.0 the anthraquinone group of the RB4 dye are reduced in one cathodic step to hidroquinone after a reversible two-electron process involving a precedent two protons reaction. A stable semiquinone is detected by spectrophotometric technique. At pH > 8.0 the reduction process involves two reversible 2-electron steps, whose species are generated by a protonation equilibrium of anthraquinone group. The results shows that 60% of color removal was obtained after 3 hours of RB4 dye electrolysis at acidic and neutral conditions and only 37% at alkaline conditions. Simultaneously 64% of total organic carbon was removed after electrolysis at pH 2.0.
Keywords : reactive dyes; electrochemical reduction; dye treatment; reactive blue 4.