Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society
Print version ISSN 0103-5053
MAVROPOULOS, Elena et al. Pb 2+, Cu 2+and Cd 2+ ions uptake by Brazilian phosphate rocks. J. Braz. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2005, vol.16, n.1, pp. 62-68. ISSN 0103-5053. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532005000100010.
In this work Brazilian phosphate rocks, PRs, were used to reduce Pb2+, Cu2+ and Cd2+ concentrations from aqueous solutions. We concluded that these metals were mainly immobilized by fluorapatite but other minerals such as calcium carbonate also contribute to their immobilization. In the case of lead two mechanisms are proposed: the Ca10(PO4)6F2 dissolution followed by the precipitation of (Ca,Pb)10(PO4,CO3) 6(OH,F,Cl)184.108.40.206H2O and CaCO3 dissolution with the formation of a PbCO3. The occurrence of this second mechanism improves the uptake efficiency but contribute to the increases of lead bioavailability because lead carbonate is more soluble than fluorpyromorphite. This fact could limit the use of PRs for remediation of contaminated soils and wastes. The Cu2+ and Cd2+ removal by PRs is controlled by adsorption mechanisms but dissolution /precipitation mechanisms also occur. In the case of Cu2+, fluorapatite dissolution followed by Cu2(PO4)(OH) precipitation.
Keywords : lead; cadmium and cooper immobilization; phosphate rock; hydroxyapatite.