Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society
Print version ISSN 0103-5053
GUEDES, André Aparecido et al. Catalytic activity of halogenated iron porphyrins in alkene and alkane oxidations by iodosylbenzene and hydrogen peroxide. J. Braz. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2005, vol.16, n.4, pp. 835-843. ISSN 0103-5053. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532005000500024.
A poly-halogenated iron porphyrin, Fe(PCl8)Cl, has been synthesised and used as a catalyst in hydrocarbon oxidations by iodosylbenzene and hydrogen peroxide both in solution and covalently bound to aminopropylated silica. The poly-chlorinated iron porphyrin shows the same efficiency of the related Fe(P)Cl, in the epoxidation of alkenes but higher efficiency in the hydroxylation of alkanes by iodosylbenzene, with increased preference for the oxidation of secondary carbon in adamantane and primary carbon in the oxidation of pentane. These selectivities may reflect the steric constraints around the oxo-iron species or, alternatively, it may arise from the greater reactivity of the active oxidant from Fe(PCl8)Cl. The supported iron(III) porphyrin showed lower activity as compared with the homogeneous analogue and the related supported Fe(P)Cl. The poly-chlorinated iron porpyrin is a poor catalyst with hydrogen peroxide. Excessive substitutuion by electron withdrawing groups on the porphyrin periphery eventually prohibits the formation of the key intermediate in catalytic oxidations. The alternative oxidation mechanism could involve radical participation.
Keywords : poly-halogenated iron porphyrins; catalysis; supported catalysts; hydrocarbon oxidation.