Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society
On-line version ISSN 1678-4790
MISHRA, Ashutosh et al. Synthesis, characterization and pharmacological evaluation of amide prodrugs of Flurbiprofen. J. Braz. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2008, vol.19, n.1, pp. 89-100. ISSN 1678-4790. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532008000100014.
Flurbiprofen (FB) suffers from the general side effects of NSAIDs, owing to presence of free carboxylic acid group. The study was aimed to retard the adverse effects of gastrointestinal origin. Ten prodrugs of FB were synthesized by amidation with ethyl esters of amino acids, namely, glycine, L-phenylalanine, L-tryptophan, L-valine, L-isoleucine, L-alanine, L-leucine, L-glutamic acid, L-aspartic acid and b alanine. Purified synthesized prodrugs were characterized by m.p., TLC, solubility, partition coefficients, elemental analyses, UV, FTIR, NMR and MS. Synthesized prodrugs were subjected for bioavailibility studies, analgesic, anti-inflammatory activities and ulcerogenic index. Marked reduction of ulcerogenic index and comparable analgesic, anti-inflammatory activities were obtained in all cases as compared to FB. Among synthesized prodrugs AR-9, AR-10 and AR-2 showing excellent pharmacological response and encouraging hydrolysis rate both in (Simulated Intestinal Fluid) SIF and in 80% human plasma. Prodrugs with increased aliphatic side chain length or introduction of aromatic substituent resulted in enhanced partition coefficient but diminished dissolution and hydrolysis rate. Such prodrugs can be considered for sustained release purpose.
Keywords : prodrugs; bioavailability; physical characterization; pharmacokinetics; pharmacodyanamics; flurbiprofen.