Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society
versión impresa ISSN 0103-5053
GONCALVES, Arlan S.; CAFFARENA, Ernesto R. y PASCUTTI, Pedro G.. Dissociation of molecular aggregates under high hydrostatic pressure: the influence of water structure on Benzene cluster solubility. J. Braz. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2009, vol.20, n.7, pp. 1227-1234. ISSN 0103-5053. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532009000700005.
In some critical conditions water can solvate hydrophobic molecules, becoming a powerful solvent for nonpolar agents. To discuss the pressure effect on hydrated benzene clusters we carried out six consecutive 5000 ps (pico seconds) molecular dynamics simulations of benzene molecules in water cubic boxes at different pressure conditions, ranging from 1 bar to 5 kbar. Radius of gyration, diffusion coefficient, radial atomic pair distribution functions, number of hydrogen bonds between water molecules and the solvent accessible surface were monitored. Results showed that above 3 kbar the second hydration layer structure vanishes and the benzene clusters start to break up gradually. Up to 2 kbar, the solubility and diffusion of benzene molecules are inversely proportional to the increase of the pressure and above 3 kbar this behavior is inverted.
Palabras llave : benzene; molecular dynamics; hydrophobic effect; pressure effect.