Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society
versión impresa ISSN 0103-5053
DAMASCENO, Flaviana C. et al. Changes in the volatile organic profile of Schinus polygamus (Anacardiaceae) and Baccharis spicata (Asteraceae) induced by galling psyllids. J. Braz. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2010, vol.21, n.3, pp. 556-563. ISSN 0103-5053. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532010000300023.
Baccharis spicata (Asteraceae) and Schinus polygamus (Anacardiaceae) are plants native from Rio Grande do Sul and are hosts of two unidentified galling psyllids (Hemiptera, Psyllidae). Both plant species produce essential oil and their volatile compounds play an important role related to this kind of plant-insect interaction. Extraction and analysis of volatiles produced by leaves, galled leaves and galls were performed using headspace solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry detector. Composition of the headspace of B. spicata and S. polygamus galls showed a significant change in their volatile profile when compared to healthy leaves. These changes were mainly related to a higher production of monoterpenes in galled tissue, compared to what was found in healthy samples. Some changes on the production of green leaf volatiles were also observed in both plant species, especially in S. polygamus. The possible ecological role of these chemical changes was discussed.
Palabras llave : galls; leaves; Baccharis spicata; Schinus polygamus; headspace solid phase microextraction.