Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society
Print version ISSN 0103-5053
FRETY, Roger et al. Cracking and hydrocracking of triglycerides for renewable liquid fuels: alternative processes to transesterification. J. Braz. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2011, vol.22, n.7, pp. 1206-1220. ISSN 0103-5053. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532011000700003.
The most used industrial processes for the production of liquid fuels like diesel type are based on the methanolysis and ethanolysis of various oil reactants, such as palm, soybean and rapeseed oils, in the presence of homogeneous base catalysts. However, thermal and catalytic transformations of vegetable oils using available reactors and industrial processes are possible alternatives and deserve attention. In fact, three industrial processes are operating and new projects are announced. The present work analyses the experimental studies performed up to now by Brazilian researchers in the field of cracking, catalytic cracking and hydrocracking of pure or modified vegetable oils. From the published results, some research areas for the near future are suggested.
Keywords : vegetable oils; cracking; hydrocracking; catalysis.