SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.22 issue11Phenylpropanoid substituted flavan-3-ols from Trichilia catigua and their in vitro antioxidative activitySynthesis and mechanism of formation of oxadeazaflavines by microwave thermal cyclization of ortho-halobenzylidene barbiturates author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society

Print version ISSN 0103-5053

Abstract

SILVA, Luciano A. da; COELHO, Luciana M.; ROSOLEN, Vania  and  COELHO, Nívia M. Melo. Metal speciation in surface sediments of the Uberabinha river in Uberlândia, MG State, Brazil. J. Braz. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2011, vol.22, n.11, pp.2094-2100. ISSN 0103-5053.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532011001100011.

A three-step sequential extraction procedure recommended by the European Standards, Measurements and Testing (SM&T) Program, formerly the Community Bureau of Reference (BCR), was applied to the chemical speciation of heavy metals (Cu, Pb, Cr and Zn) in sediments from different populated zones of Uberlândia City (MG State, Brazil). To obtain a mass balance, a fourth step, i.e., digestion and analysis of the residue, was performed using a microwave-assisted acid digestion procedure. The highest metallic elements concentrations were observed at one of the sampling points which receive discharge from an urban area and an industrial zone. All metals, except Zn, were present at higher concentrations in the residual fractions (strongly associated with the crystalline structures of the minerals) indicating that Cu, Pb and Cr were less mobile and potentially less bioavailable in these sediments. In sediments from industrial and urban discharge zones the mobility sequence of the heavy metals studied was Pb > Zn > Cu > Cr. The highest Pb concentrations were found in the residual fractions at the sampling point located in the tributary stream that drains the industrial district (102 mg kg-1), indicating that this metallic element was strongly bound to the sediments. Therefore, under the contamination and toxicological point of view, Pb has no impact to the environment and consequently to the human health. The sum of the four fractions (acid-soluble + reducible + oxidizable + residual) was in good agreement with the total content, which verifies the accuracy of the microwave extraction procedure in conjunction with the FAAS analytical method.

Keywords : sediments; metal speciation; BCR sequential extraction.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in English     · English ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License