Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society
versión impresa ISSN 0103-5053
MULLER, Carmen M. O.; PIRES, Alfredo T. N. y YAMASHITA, Fabio. Characterization of thermoplastic starch/poly(lactic acid) blends obtained by extrusion and thermopressing. J. Braz. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2012, vol.23, n.3, pp. 426-434. ISSN 0103-5053. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532012000300008.
Blends of poly(lactic acid) (PLA)/thermoplastic starch (TPS) were prepared by extrusion and thermopressing, with proportions of 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3 g of PLA per g TPS. Thermoplastic starch was obtained from the extrusion of 0.30 g or 0.25 g of glycerol per g of starch. The mechanical properties and water vapor permeability were tested and water sorption isotherms were obtained. The morphological characteristics of the samples were observed through scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and the thermal properties of the pure polymers and the blends by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The SEM and DSC results indicated the immiscibility of the TPS/PLA blends and the presence of two phases. For blends with 20% and 30% of PLA increases in the tensile strength and modulus were observed. The lowest water vapor permeability was observed for the blend with 30% of PLA, which is related to the lowest diffusion coefficient value observed for this sample.
Palabras llave : thermoplastic starch; poly(lactic acid); biodegradable blend.