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Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society

versão impressa ISSN 0103-5053


CARVALHO, Myller S. et al. Chromatographic analyses of fatty acid methyl esters by HPLC-UV and GC-FID. J. Braz. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2012, vol.23, n.4, pp.763-769. ISSN 0103-5053.

An analytical method using high performance liquid chromatography with UV detection (HPLC‑UV) (method A) was used for simultaneous determination of total amounts of triacylglycerides, diacylglycerides, monoacylglycerides and fatty acid methyl esters in alcoholysis of different oil (cotton, canola, sunflower, corn and soybean) samples. Analyses were carried out at 40 °C for 20 min using a gradient of methanol (MeOH) and 2-propanol-hexane 5:4 (v/v) (PrHex): 100% of MeOH in 0 min, 50% of MeOH and 50% of PrHex in 10 min maintained with isocratic elution for 10 min. Another HPLC-UV method (method B) with acetonitrile isocratic elution for 34 min was used to determine the fatty acid composition of oils analyzing their methyl ester derivatives. Contents were determined with satisfactory repeatability (relative standard deviation, RSD < 3%), linearity (r2 > 0.99) and sensitivity (limit of quantification). Method B was compared with an official gas chromatographic method with flame ionization detection (GC-FID) from American Oil Chemists' Society (AOCS) in the determination of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) in biodiesel real samples.

Palavras-chave : biodiesel; triacylglycerides; gas chromatography; liquid chromatography; methyl ester.

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