Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society
Print version ISSN 0103-5053
SANTOS, Joicy S. dos et al. Iron(III) porphyrin covalently supported onto magnetic amino-functionalized nanospheres as catalyst for hydrocarbon and herbicide oxidations. J. Braz. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2012, vol.23, n.8, pp. 1411-1420. Epub July 31, 2012. ISSN 0103-5053. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532012005000005.
This work describes the covalent immobilization of an ironporphyrin, 5,10,15,20- tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)porphyrin iron(III) chloride (FeTFPP), onto maghemite/silica magnetic nanospheres covered with aminofunctionalized silica. The resulting material (γ-Fe2O3/SiO2-NHFeP) was characterized by diffuse reflectance infrared spectroscopy (DRIFTS) and UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy. The catalytic activity of this magnetic ironporphyrin was investigated in the oxidation of hydrocarbons (styrene, (Z)-cyclooctene and R-(+)-limonene) and an herbicide (simazine) by hydrogen peroxide or 3-chloroperoxybenzoic acid. Hydrocarbon and simazine oxidation reaction products were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), respectively. This catalytic system proved to be efficient and selective for hydrocarbon oxidation, leading to high product yields from styrene (89%), cyclooctene (71%) and R-(+)-limonene (86%). Simazine oxidation was attained with 100% selectivity for a dechlorinated product (OEAT), while several oxidation products were obtained for the same catalyst in homogeneous media. The catalyst can be easily recovered through application of an external magnetic field and washed after reaction. Catalyst reuse experiments for R-(+)-limonene oxidation have shown that the catalytic activity is kept at 90% after 10 consecutive reactions.
Keywords : magnetic nanospheres; magnetic ironporphyrin; hydrocarbon oxidation; limonene; simazine.