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Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society

Print version ISSN 0103-5053


ULIANA, Carolina V.; GARBELLINI, Gustavo S.  and  YAMANAKA, Hideko. Spectrophotometric evaluation of the behavior of disperse red 1 dye in aqueous media and its interaction with calf thymus ds-DNA. J. Braz. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2012, vol.23, n.8, pp. 1469-1475.  Epub Aug 07, 2012. ISSN 0103-5053.

UV-Vis spectrophotometry was used to measure the solubility of disperse red 1 (DR1) dye in aqueous solutions, using different solvents and dispersants. The dye was quantified in water samples, and its interaction with calf thymus ds-DNA was investigated. The results showed that the commercial dispersant Fongranal® FB was suitable for the preparation of aqueous DR1 solutions. For the determination of DR1 in purified water, the limit of detection was 2.47 × 10-6 mol L-1, and the limit of quantification was 8.22 × 10-6 mol L-1. Percentage recoveries of 91.2 and 103% were obtained for DR1 concentrations of 3.00 × 10-6 and 40.0 × 10-6 mol L-1, respectively. The recoveries achieved for DR1 present in tap and river water were in the range 85.9-113%. The interaction of DR1 with calf thymus DNA was accompanied by hypochromic and hyperchromic effects, which were related to conformational changes and damage to the DNA double helix.

Keywords : disperse red 1; textile dye; solubility; ds-DNA.

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