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Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society
Print version ISSN 0103-5053
NOGUEIRA, Elisângela N. et al. Currently used pesticides in water matrices in Central-Western Brazil. J. Braz. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2012, vol.23, n.8, pp.1476-1487. Epub Aug 07, 2012. ISSN 0103-5053. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532012005000008.
This study provides data on the presence of the pesticides atrazine, chlorpyrifos, α-endosulfan, β-endosulfan, flutriafol, malathion and metolachlor in water matrices in urban and rural areas of Campo Verde and Lucas do Rio Verde Cities, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. Surface, rain, and groundwater samples were collected in the rainy and dry seasons during 2007 and 2008 in these important grain-producing areas. The findings revealed a higher diversity of compounds and frequency of detection in the rain water than in surface and groundwater samples. Concentrations of atrazine, endosulfan and malathion above those permitted by Brazilian regulations were found in some surface and groundwater samples, and the degradation products DIA (deisopropylatrazine) and endosulfan sulfate, rather than their parental compounds, were found at higher levels in some samples. Our findings show the vulnerability of water systems in these areas and point to the risk of pesticide contamination in important headwater streams.
Keywords : pesticide; surface water; rain water; ground water; bulk deposition.