SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.18 issue1Severity of patients admitted to a Brazilian teaching hospital Intensive Care Unit author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva

Print version ISSN 0103-507XOn-line version ISSN 1982-4335

Abstract

SALES JUNIOR, João Andrade L.  and  GRUPO DE ESTUDO DE SEPSE DO FUNDO AMIB et al. An epidemiological study of sepsis in Intensive Care Units: Sepsis Brazil study. Rev. bras. ter. intensiva [online]. 2006, vol.18, n.1, pp.9-17. ISSN 0103-507X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-507X2006000100003.

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Sepsis represents the major cause of death in the ICUs all over the world. Many studies have shown an increasing incidence over time and only a slight reduce in mortality. Many new treatment strategies are arising and we should define the incidence and features of sepsis in Brazil. METHODS: Prospective cohort study in sixty-five hospitals all over Brazil. The patients who were admitted or who developed sepsis during the month of September, 2003 were enrolled. They were followed until the 28th day and/or until their discharge. The diagnoses were made in accordance to the criteria proposed by ACCP/SCCM. It were evaluated demographic features, APACHE II score, SOFA (Sepsis-related Organ Failure Assessment) score, mortality, sources of infections, microbiology, morbidities and length of stay (LOS). RESULTS: Seventy-five ICUs from all regions of Brazil took part in the study.3128 patients were identified and 521 (16.7%) filled the criteria of sepsis, severe sepsis or septic shock. Mean age was 61.7 (IQR 39-79), 293 (55.7%) were males, and the overall 28-day mortality rate was 46.6%. Average APACHE II score was 20 and SOFA score on the first day was 7 (IQR 4-10). SOFA score in the mortality group was higher on day 1 (8, IQR 5-11), and had increased on day 3 (9, IQR 6-12). The mortality rate for sepsis, severe sepsis and septic shock was 16.7%, 34.4% and 65.3%, respectively. The average LOS was 15 days (IQR 5-22). The two main sources of infection were the respiratory tract (69%) and the abdomen one (23.1%). Gram-negative bacilli were more prevalent (40.1%). Gram-positive cocci were identified in 32.8% and fungi infections in 5%. Mechanical ventilation was observed in 82.1% of the patients, Swan-Ganz catheter in 18.8%, vasopressors in 66.2% and hemotransfusion in 44.7%. CONCLUSIONS: It was observed a high mortality of sepsis in the ICUs in Brazil. The high frequency of septic shock demonstrated a group at high risk of death. In order to have a better use of the resources and reduce in mortality during the next 5 years, it is very important to identify our specific features related to this syndrome.

Keywords : Epidemiology; sepsis; severe sepsis; septic shock.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in Portuguese     · Portuguese ( pdf epdf )

 

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License