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Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
Print version ISSN 0103-507X
CARNEIRO, Élida Mara; MANEIRA, Renata Zago and ROCHA, Eduardo. Noninvasive mechanical ventilation in patient with pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia: case report. Rev. bras. ter. intensiva [online]. 2008, vol.20, n.2, pp. 210-212. ISSN 0103-507X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-507X2008000200016.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia has been one of the most common diseases and life-threatening infectious complications in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients. The objective of the case report was to present a patient with probable diagnosis of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia who received noninvasive positive pressure ventilation. CASE REPORT: A female patient, 25 years old, with probable diagnosis of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia received noninvasive positive pressure ventilation. CONCLUSIONS: All respiratory parameters progressively improved in the first five days. Results suggest the efficacy of this support to improve oxygenation, to revert hypoxemia and to prevent orotracheal intubation.
Keywords : Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; Noninvasive ventilation; Pneumocystis jirovecii.