Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
Print version ISSN 0103-507X
ROCCO, José Rodolfo and SOARES, Márcio. Outcome of patients with cirrhosis admitted to intensive care. Rev. bras. ter. intensiva [online]. 2010, vol.22, n.1, pp. 11-18. ISSN 0103-507X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-507X2010000100004.
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the outcome of cirrhotic patients admitted to Intensive Care Unit. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort of cirrhotic patients admitted to two intensive care unit between June 1999 to September 2004. We collected demographic, comorbid conditions, diagnosis, vital signs, laboratory data, prognostic scores and evolution in intensive care unit and hospital. The patients were divided in groups: non surgical, non liver surgery, surgery for portal hypertension, liver surgery, liver transplantation, and urgent surgery. RESULTS: We studied 304 patients, which 190 (62.5%) were male. The median of age was 54 (47-61) years. The mortality rate in intensive care unit and hospital were 29.3 and 39.8%, respectively, more elevated than in the other patients admitted critically ill patients (19.6 and 28.3%; p<0.001). Non surgical patients and those submitted to urgent surgery presented high mortality rate in the intensive care unit (64.3 and 65.4%) and in the hospital (80.4 and 76.9%). The variables related to hospital mortality were [Odds ratio (confidence interval 95%)]: mean arterial pressure [0.985 (0.974-0.997)]; mechanical ventilation in the first 24 h [4.080 (1.990-8.364)]; confirmed infection in the first 24 h [7.899 (2.814-22.175)]; acute renal failure [5.509 (1.708-17.766)] and APACHE II score (points) [1.078 (1.017-1.143)]. CONCLUSIONS: Cirrhotic patients had higher mortality rate compared to non cirrhotic critically ill patients. Those admitted after urgent surgery and non surgical had higher mortality rate.
Keywords : Acute disease; Incidence; Intensive care units; Liver cirrhosis [complications]; Liver cirrhosis [mortality]; Prognosis; Treatment outcome.