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Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
versión impresa ISSN 0103-507X
FRANCA, Eduardo Ériko Tenório de et al. Physical therapy in critically ill adult patients: recommendations from the Brazilian Association of Intensive Care Medicine Department of Physical Therapy. Rev. bras. ter. intensiva [online]. 2012, vol.24, n.1, pp. 6-22. ISSN 0103-507X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-507X2012000100003.
Complications from immobility in intensive care unit patients contribute to functional decline, increased healthcare costs, reduced quality of life and higher post-discharge mortality. Physical therapy focuses on promoting recovery and preserving function, and it may minimize the impact of these complications. A group of Brazilian Association of Intensive Care Medicine physical therapy experts developed this document that contains minimal physical therapy recommendations appropriate to the Brazilian real-world clinical situation. Prevention and treatment of atelectasis, procedures related to the removal of secretions and treatment of conditions related to physical deconditioning and functional decline are discussed. Equally important is the consideration that prescribing and executing activities, mobilizations and exercises are roles of the physical therapist, whose diagnosis should precede any intervention.
Palabras clave : Critical illness [rehabilitation]; Critical care; Cooperative behavior.