Fisioterapia em Movimento
Print version ISSN 0103-5150
RIBEIRO, Joyce and BELTRAME, Thais Silva. Motor and biopsychosocial characteristics of nurslings with biological risk history. Fisioter. mov. (Impr.) [online]. 2010, vol.23, n.1, pp. 25-34. ISSN 0103-5150. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-51502010000100003.
INTRODUCTION: The technological advances have allowed a greater survival these newborns at risk. However, the biological risk factors to which these children were exposed make it have a greater chance to present delays in their growth and development. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate the neuromotor and biopsychosocial characteristics of nurslings with biological risk history. METHODS: The sample of the following study was constituted to 25 nurslings with aged from birth to two months of life with register of birth in Fraiburgo, Santa Catarina State. The biological risk factors stated were: prematurity, low weight, sanguine incompatibility, need for resuscitation, intubation, O2 permanence, light lung hypertension, icterus, respiratory discomfort, neonatal infection, neonatal anemia, maternal smoking, trauma during the parturition, cardiopathies and irregular formation of the trachea. For the data collection were used the following instruments: child health card, biopsychosocial form and the Neonatal Behavioral Assesment Scale. RESULTS: Was possible find in the biopsychosocial conditions prevalence of married mothers, first pregnancy, complete higher education, practicing extra-home activity and maternal mean age during the parturition of 28 years old. There were events of fetus exposition to maternal smoking, mothers with anemia, hypertension and hypotension during the gestational period. About the neuromotor development, the nurslings present expected performance for children at risk for habituation, regulation and reflexes. On the socialization, organization and autonomous system it was inferior performance than other children at risk. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study argue that children biological risk history can present commitment with respect to aspects of neuromotor development.
Keywords : Prematurity; Low weight; Neuromotor development.