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Fisioterapia em Movimento
On-line version ISSN 1980-5918
SANTOS, Lucas de Macedo dos et al. Postural assessment by photogrammetry in patients with idiopathic scoliosis undergoing arthrodesis. Fisioter. mov. [online]. 2012, vol.25, n.1, pp.165-173. ISSN 1980-5918. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-51502012000100016.
INTRODUCTION: Scoliosis is a structural change of the vertebrae three-dimensiona. Quantification of lateral deviation after surgical correction could assist about the prognosis for the evolution of curvature and better direction in rehabilitation. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and quantify the changes of posture in idiopathic scoliosis patients in the preoperative and postoperative surgical treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine patients with idiopathic scoliosis between 11 and 18 years of age were evaluated. The participants were photographed preoperatively and after four weeks of postoperatively. The anatomical points were marked on the skin. For analysis of the photographs, they were transferred to a computer that has installed the SAPO. Statistical analysis was performed using test t pareado. RESULTS: We observed a significant decrease in left axillary angle (EACE) and left angle Q (AQE), an increase in the angle of inclination of the trunk in anterior view (ITA), the angle between the highest point of the manubrium and left trapezius ( TAME), thoracic kyphosis angle of the right (CTD) and lumbar lordosis right and left (LLD and LLE) and the left tibiotarsal angle (ATTE). There was an increase in the distances between C7, T3 and T7 posterior superior iliac spine to the right (DC7, DT3 and T7) and C7, T3 and L4 posterior superior iliac spine to the left (EC7, ET3 and EL4). CONCLUSION: It was observed significant changes in the angles ECAA, AQE, ITA, TAME, CTD, LLD, LLE, and the distances ATTE DC7, DT3, DT7, EC7, and EL4 ET3 four weeks after arthrodesis.
Keywords : Photograph; Scoliosis; Spinal fusion.