Brazilian Dental Journal
On-line version ISSN 1806-4760
HOLLAND, Roberto et al. Apical seal of root canals with gutta-percha points with calcium hydroxide. Braz. Dent. J. [online]. 2004, vol.15, n.1, pp. 26-29. ISSN 1806-4760. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-64402004000100005.
The objective of this research was to determine if gutta-percha points with calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)2] improve the apical seal after root canal filling and if the master point does it alone. Human single recently extracted teeth were biomechanically prepared and the root canals filled by the lateral condensation technique with ZOE and gutta-percha points, with or without calcium hydroxide. The teeth were placed into a 2% methylene blue solution in a vacuum environment for 24 h after which they were processed for stereomicroscope evaluation. Better results were observed with the teeth filled with gutta-percha points with calcium hydroxide (p=0.01). We conclude that these new points make a better apical seal and that these results can also be obtained with the calcium hydroxide master point associated with regular ones (p=0.05).
Keywords : calcium hydroxide; gutta-percha points; apical leakage.