Brazilian Dental Journal
On-line version ISSN 1806-4760
ROMITO, Giuseppe Alexandre and PUSTIGLIONI, Francisco Emílio. Biometric study of furcation area of first maxillary molars. Braz. Dent. J. [online]. 2004, vol.15, n.2, pp. 155-158. ISSN 1806-4760. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-64402004000200013.
The present investigation was designed to study the distance from the 3 bifurcation entrances to their opposite roots, and also the virtual center of the trifurcation (TC), which is equidistant from each bifurcation entrance, of maxillary molars. Thirty-five teeth devoid of any surface damage or fused roots were selected. Roots were included in acrylic resin and cross-sectioned at the cementoenamel junction to the apex using a rotary diamond blade and 0.45-mm slices were obtained. A profile projector apparatus was used to obtain the coordinated points on a Cartesian plane, which allowed the calculation of all distances present using analytic geometric formulas. Based on statistical analysis (comparison by Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA test, p<0.05), the following results were obtained: 1) mean distance from the buccal furcation reaching the palatal root was 6.72 ± 0.99 mm (range 4.73-8.67 mm); 2) mean distance from the mesial and distal furcations to the distal and mesial roots were 5.42 ± 0.83 mm (range 3.78-7.07 mm) and 5.90 ± 0.87 mm (range 4.18-7.59 mm), respectively. All means were determined up to the point of 1.40 mm from each bifurcation opening; 3) mean distance of TC was 4.26 ± 0.42 mm (range 3.44-5.08 mm) for all levels.
Keywords : tooth root [anatomy]; bifurcation [trifurcation diagnosis].