SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.16 issue3Electromyographic analysis of the orbicularis oris muscle in oralized deaf individualsClinical, radiographic, biochemical and histological findings of florid cemento-osseous dysplasia and report of a case author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links


Brazilian Dental Journal

Print version ISSN 0103-6440On-line version ISSN 1806-4760


COAS, Viviane Regina; NEVES, Ana Christina Claro  and  RODE, Sigmar de Mello. Evaluation of the etiology of ocular globe atrophy or loss. Braz. Dent. J. [online]. 2005, vol.16, n.3, pp.243-246. ISSN 0103-6440.

This survey investigated the etiology of atrophy or loss of the ocular globe in patients assisted at the Maxillofacial Prosthetics Clinic of two Schools of Dentistry in São Paulo State, Brazil. A total of 238 patients were examined and their clinical files were reviewed. The etiology of eyeball atrophy/loss was assessed with respect to gender, age group, affected side and type ophthalmologic surgery performed. The greatest incidence of ocular globe loss was due to traumatic etiology (57.14%), followed by pathogenic (36.13%) and congenital (5.04%) etiologies. Comparing the genders, a predominance of male patients was observed (61.76%; p<0.01). The age group most frequently affected was between 21 and 40 years (42.01%; p<0.01). For all types of etiologies investigated in this study, enucleation was the most commonly used surgical procedure for removal of the ocular globe (66.38%; p<0.01). Loss of the left eye was predominantly seen (55.04%), even though no statistically significant difference was found between sides (p>0.01).

Keywords : ocular bulb loss; artificial eye; ocular prosthesis.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in English     · English ( pdf epdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License