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Brazilian Dental Journal

Print version ISSN 0103-6440On-line version ISSN 1806-4760


CAVALCANTE, Roberta Barroso et al. Immunohistochemical expression of vimentin, calponin and HHF-35 in salivary gland tumors. Braz. Dent. J. [online]. 2007, vol.18, n.3, pp.192-197. ISSN 0103-6440.

Myoepithelial cells present a complex immunophenotype, with the expression of proteins varying according to the stage of normal or neoplastic differentiation of the cell. In order to evaluate the immunohistochemical markers expressed by these cells, a panel of antibodies composed of vimentin, calponin and HHF-35 was applied to 28 salivary gland tumors. The results demonstrated a higher percent sensitivity of vimentin and calponin compared to HHF-35. However, calponin and HHF-35 presented a focal labeling pattern in contrast with the diffuse distribution of vimentin. The cells predominantly stained by all tested antibodies included nonluminal cells in duct-like and tubular structures, such as those seen in pleomorphic adenomas and adenoid cystic carcinomas, as well as cells in the cords and nests of polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinomas and peripheral cells of sheets and nests of myoepitheliomas. In conclusion, the combination of calponin and vimentin is suggested for the identification of myoepithelial cells in salivary gland tumors.

Keywords : myoepithelial cell; salivary gland tumors; vimentin; calponin; HHF-35.

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