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Brazilian Dental Journal

Print version ISSN 0103-6440On-line version ISSN 1806-4760

Abstract

RIBEIRO JUNIOR, Paulo Domingos; BARLETO, Christiane Vespasiano; RIBEIRO, Daniel Araki  and  MATSUMOTO, Mariza Akemi. Evaluation of different rotary devices on bone repair in rabbits. Braz. Dent. J. [online]. 2007, vol.18, n.3, pp.215-219. ISSN 0103-6440.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-64402007000300007.

In oral surgery, the quality of bone repair may be influenced by several factors that can increase the morbidity of the procedure. The type of equipment used for ostectomy can directly affect bone healing. The aim of this study was to evaluate bone repair of mandible bone defects prepared in rabbits using three different rotary devices. Fifteen New Zealand rabbits were randomly assigned to 3 groups (n=5) according to type of rotary device used to create bone defects: I - pneumatic low-speed rotation engine, II - pneumatic high-speed rotation engine, and III - electric low-speed rotation engine. The anatomic pieces were surgically obtained after 2, 7 and 30 days and submitted to histological and morphometric analysis. The morphometric results were expressed as the total area of bone remodeling matrix using an image analysis system. Increases in the bone remodeling matrix were noticed with time along the course of the experiment. No statistically significant differences (p>0.05) were observed among the groups at the three sacrificing time points considering the total area of bone mineralized matrix, although the histological analysis showed a slightly advanced bone repair in group III compared to the other two groups. The findings of the present study suggest that the type of rotary device used in oral and maxillofacial surgery does not interfere with the bone repair process.

Keywords : bone repair; rotary instruments; oral surgery.

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