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Brazilian Dental Journal

Print version ISSN 0103-6440On-line version ISSN 1806-4760

Abstract

PINTO, Cristiane Franco; LEME, Adriana Franco Paes; CAVALLI, Vanessa  and  GIANNINI, Marcelo. Effect of 10% carbamide peroxide bleaching on sound and artificial enamel carious lesions. Braz. Dent. J. [online]. 2009, vol.20, n.1, pp.48-53. ISSN 0103-6440.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-64402009000100008.

This study evaluated the effect of 10% carbamide peroxide (CP) bleaching on Knoop surface microhardness (KHN) and morphology of sound enamel and enamel with early artificial caries lesions (CL) after pH-cycling model (pHcm). Human dental enamel blocks were randomly divided into 6 groups (n=10): 1 - sound enamel bleached (S) with CP (Rembrandt/Den-Mat); 2 - S and submitted to pHcm; 3 - CL bleached with CP; 4 - CL stored in artificial saliva and submitted to pHcm; 5 - CL treated with placebo gel and submitted to pHcm; 6 - CL bleached with CP and submitted to pHcm. Enamel blocks with known initial KHN values were demineralized (groups 3 to 6) and submitted to 12 day pHcm (groups 2, 4, 5 and 6). After demineralization and treatments, KHN was determined and the specimens were examined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Data were analyzed statistically by ANOVA and Tukey's test at 5% significance level. The results showed that among CL groups (3 to 6) only the group 3 presented remineralization after treatments. S groups (1 and 2) showed higher KHN and presented less formation of porosities on enamel surface than CL groups after treatments. In conclusion, bleaching procedures on enamel with CL did not exacerbate the demineralization, but should be indicated with caution.

Keywords : carbamide peroxide; caries lesions; dental enamel; microhardness; scanning electron microscopy.

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