Brazilian Dental Journal
Print version ISSN 0103-6440
TURSSI, Cecilia Pedroso; MESSIAS, Danielle Furtado; CORONA, Silmara Milori and SERRA, Mônica Campos. Viability of using enamel and dentin from bovine origin as a substitute for human counterparts in an intraoral erosion model. Braz. Dent. J. [online]. 2010, vol.21, n.4, pp.332-336. ISSN 0103-6440. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-64402010000400008.
This study ascertained whether under dental erosion models that closely mimics the real-life situation enamel and root dentin from bovine origin would be reliable substitutes for human counterparts. Through a 2x2 crossover design, in a first trial, 14 volunteers wore a palatal device containing slabs of bovine and human enamel. Half of the participants ingested (4x daily, for 10 days) orange juice first, crossing over to mineral water, while the remainder received the reverse sequence. In a second trial, volunteers wore devices with slabs of bovine and human root dentin. Except for the duration of each intraoral phase, which lasted 2 rather 10 days, the experiment with root dentin run exactly as for enamel. Dental substrates were analyzed for surface microhardness. Two-way ANOVAs (α=0.05) indicated no difference between the microhardness values recorded for human and bovine enamel (p=0.1350), but bovine root dentin had lower microhardness compared to its human counterpart (p=0.0432). While bovine enamel can reliably substitute its human counterpart in in situ dental erosion models, bovine root dentin does not seem to be a viable alternative to the corresponding human tissue.
Keywords : dental erosion; bovine teeth; human teeth; microhardness; intraoral.