Brazilian Dental Journal
Print version ISSN 0103-6440
TORRES, Carolina Paes et al. Dental care management in a child with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa. Braz. Dent. J. [online]. 2011, vol.22, n.6, pp. 511-516. ISSN 0103-6440. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-64402011000600012.
Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a heterogeneous group of rare genetic disorders characterized by marked fragility of the skin and mucous membranes in which vesiculobullous lesions occur in response to trauma, heat or no apparent cause. The recessive form of EB presents the greatest oral alterations including repeated blistering and scar formation leading to limited oral opening, ankyloglossia, tongue denudation, microstomia, vestibule obliteration and predisposition to oral carcinoma. Routine dental care may cause bullae formation on the lips and oral mucosa. Together with the ingestion of soft and frequently carbohydrate food, these anomalies lead to a high caries risk. This paper documents a case of a child diagnosed with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB); describes the phases and difficulties of dental treatment and the measures that dentists and health care providers should adopt in order to provide a safe and effective dental treatment as well as earlier prevention to these patients.
Keywords : Epidermolysis bullosa; dental care; special needs patient.