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Brazilian Dental Journal

Print version ISSN 0103-6440

Abstract

PISANI, Marina Xavier; MACEDO, Ana Paula; PARANHOS, Helena de Freitas Oliveira  and  SILVA, Cláudia Helena Lovato da. Effect of experimental Ricinus communis solution for denture cleaning on the properties of acrylic resin teeth. Braz. Dent. J. [online]. 2012, vol.23, n.1, pp. 15-21. ISSN 0103-6440.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-64402012000100003.

This study evaluated Knoop hardness, surface roughness and color alteration of artificial teeth for dentures after immersion in water, 1% sodium hypochlorite and an experimental solution of 2% Ricinus communis (RC). Thirty specimens of Vipi, Biolux and Trilux were analyzed. Tests of Knoop hardness, surface roughness and color alteration were conducted immediately after specimen preparation (T0) and after two immersion protocols for 15 days (ΔT15) and 183 days (ΔT183). Data variation (ΔT) were subjected to ANOVA and Tukey's test (p<0.05). At ΔT15, Vipi presented hardness increase and Biolux presented the highest variation (p=0.01). RC caused the highest increase in hardness (p=0) and the lowest increase (p=0.005) in roughness. Biolux presented the lowest color alteration (p =0). At ΔT183, Trilux underwent the highest hardness variation (p=0). Biolux presented an increase in roughness (p=0). There was no significant differences in color alteration among the artificial teeth (p=0.06) and among solutions (p=0.08) after 183 days of immersion. All solutions (distilled water, 1% sodium hypochlorite and 2% RC) caused alterations on the analyzed properties. Both immersion protocols caused alterations on the analyzed properties.

Keywords : denture cleanser; Ricinus communis; acrylic denture teeth.

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