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Brazilian Dental Journal

Print version ISSN 0103-6440On-line version ISSN 1806-4760

Abstract

FABRIS, Vinicius et al. Treatment of Resorbed Mandibles with Titanium Plate and Immediate Implant-Supported Prosthesis - Case Series. Braz. Dent. J. [online]. 2019, vol.30, n.3, pp.244-251.  Epub June 03, 2019. ISSN 0103-6440.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0103-6440201902397.

Severely resorbed mandibles with only cortical bone remaining can fracture during or after implant placement. This case series presents a technique to reduce the risk or the consequences of mandibular fracture. Seven patients with only cortical mandibular bone remaining were treated with the fixation of a titanium plate in the frontal surface previously to implant placement, during the same surgical procedure. Immediate complete-arch implant supported prosthesis were installed. Patient’s systemic and local conditions that could influence implant survival were registered previously to surgery and during the follow up period. Biological and biomechanical complications were recorded. The condition of peri-implant tissues was evaluated. The follow-ups ranged from 12 to 84 months. Twenty-nine implants were placed and no implant failure or other biological complication was observed. The peri-implant tissue evaluation demonstrated most implants was surrounded by keratinized tissue (89.5%). No marginal recession (implant platform cervical to gingival margin) was observed. Probing depth was normal, ranging from 0 to 3 mm. Low scores of plaque index or bleeding on probing were recorded. Biomechanical complications evolved loosening of 4 prosthetic screws and 1 fractured. The use of a titanium plate for the fixation of severely resorbed mandibles with only cortical bone remaining was a safe treatment procedure, avoiding biological and major biomechanical complications in the treatment with immediate complete-arch implant-supported prosthesis.

Keywords : implants; complete-arch prosthesis; mandibular fracture.

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