Physis: Revista de Saúde Coletiva
On-line version ISSN 1809-4481
ADRIAO, Karla Galvão and BECKER, Simone. Some reflections on the production of the gender category in contexts such as the feminist movement and the judiciary. Physis [online]. 2006, vol.16, n.2, pp. 273-292. ISSN 1809-4481. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-73312006000200008.
Concerning the discussion arisen by modern times (in different social contexts), about the constitution of universal human rights subjects, this paper aims to reflect upon the individual and his search for "citizenship" and "access to justice". Three cases will be analyzed: two conferences on Women"s Politics, important in the Brazilian feminist movement. Both concern the relation among women"s politics within two non exclusive perspectives: one among women themselves - lesbians, heterosexual, white, black. handicapped - and their tensions related either to individual rights or to collective rights, in a time when quotas are being discussed. The other conference approaches the tension between sex and gender, difference as synonymous with inequality. The third case is about a judgment of guard and responsibility, when maternity of a homosexual woman is restrained, but is allowed to the biological father. At last, we propose the reflection on how, in the two distinct ritual contexts (the Judiciary and the Feminist Movement), the gender category is produced along with the biological binomial - male and female.
Keywords : Human rights; gender; feminist movement; the Judiciary.