On-line version ISSN 1678-4596
ALEIXO, José Antonio Guimarães et al. Equine chorionic gonadotrophin: purification, characterization and ovarian activity in ewes and gilts. Cienc. Rural [online]. 1995, vol.25, n.1, pp. 111-114. ISSN 1678-4596. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84781995000100021.
Equine chorionic gonadotrophin (eCG) was purified and characterized with respect to its purity and bionological activity. The purity of four preparations was determined by electrophoresis, and the biological activity by increasing of the ovarian weight ot immature female rats (40-50g) and induction ot ovulation of ewes and gilts. Electrophoretic analysis revealed three polipeptidic bands. The mean biological activity was 313UI/mg of protein. Sixty-five ewes, not in reproductive season, were divided randomly in two groups that received vaginal pessaries impregnated with medroxiprogesterone acetato for 11 to 14 days. In treatment I, ewes (n = 55) were injected (IM) with 500UI of puritied eCG at the moment of pessaries withdraw, while in treatment II, the ewes (n = 10) received 500UI of comercial eCG. The results observed were 2.1 ± 0.3 and 1.8 ± 0.3 ovulations (P > 0.05) for treatments I and II, respectively. One hundred-twenty gilts, with mean weight of 87.2kg, were divided m two treatments. The animals in treatment I (90 gilts) received 500UI of puntied eCG and, 72 hours later, 500UI of hCG (human chorionic gonadotrophin). In treatment II hormones were not injected. The results observed were 25.9 ± 22.2 and 0.0 corpora lutea (P < 0.001) for treatments I and II, respectively. These results demonstrated that the eCG purified has purity and biological activity similar to the comercial product used as control, and that it is efficient in inducing ovarian activity in ewes and gilts.
Keywords : eCG; PMSG; purification; ovulation.