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Ciência Rural

On-line version ISSN 1678-4596


PARRA, Jorge Erick Garcia; BRANDAO, Deodoro Atlante  and  CECCARELLI, Paulo Sérgio. The identification and prevalence of the nematodes of the "pacu" Piaractus mesopotamicus (Holmberg, 1887), on the cept fish station, Pirassununga, SP, Brazil. Cienc. Rural [online]. 1997, vol.27, n.2, pp.291-295. ISSN 1678-4596.

This study was done at lhe Agricultura! Centre for Training and Research in the municipality of Pirassununga, São Paulo. Ninety pacus from nursuries of the CEPTA fish station were sacrificed to identify the nematodes present m the intestinal tract and determine the prevalence of these nematodes in the fish. Samples were coilected during three seasons ofthe year (summer, autumn andspring). AU the parasites coilected were identifiedas eingpart ofthe same species Ronodonia rondoni. From a total of90fishes, 64 were infected representing a prevalence of 71%. The infected fishes had an average intensity of 3304 nematodes/fish. A significant difference (P < 0.05) relative to the prevalence was observed during the hotter months (January, October/November) as compared to the month off viay when the v/ater temperature was very low. In relation to the hostes weight the prevalence increased with weight until it reached 100% infishs with more than 787 g. With respect to the total lenght ofthe host there was a significant difference (P < 0.05) between fishes with less than 20cm and with more than 35cm and those with body length between 20 and 30cm.

Keywords : Rondonia rondoni infection; parasites; prevalence of nematodes.

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