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On-line version ISSN 1678-4596
Poisonous plants for swine in Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina are reviewed. Poisoning by seeds of Senna occidentalis, as a cause segmentar muscle necrosis, and by seeds of Aeschynomene sp., as a cause of symmetric focal degeneration in the white matter of the cerebellum, are described. Nefrosis due to Amaranthus spp., soft tissue calcification caused by Solanum malacoxylon, acute periacinar liver necrosis caused by Wedelia glauca and Xanthium spp., and nervous, digestive and muscular signs caused by the fruits of Melia azedarach, are also mentioned. The intoxication by Crotalaria spectabilis, studied experimentally in Brazil as a cause of chronic hepatitis, is also reveiwed.
Keywords : toxic plants; swine; Senna occidentalis; Amaranthus spp.; Aeschynomene sp.; Melia azedarach; Wedelia glauca; Xanthium spp.; Solanum malacoxylon; Crotalaria spectabilis.