versão impressa ISSN 0103-8478
NICOLOSO, Fernando Teixeira; CASSOL, Luciano Fábio e FORTUNATO, Roni Paulo. SHOOT CUTTING LENGTH ON ROOTING OF BRAZILIAN GINSENG (Pfaffia glomerata). Cienc. Rural [online]. 2001, vol.31, n.1, pp. 57-60. ISSN 0103-8478. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782001000100009.
Pfaffia glomerata (Spreng.) Pedersen is among several species known as Brazilian ginsengs and it is used as medicinal plant. The aim of this work was to evaluate the length of the shoot cuttings on rooting of P. glomerata. Treatments consisted of three length of cuttings (10, 15, and 20cm; ± 1cm of variation). Cuttings were obtained from the 70cm of the basal portion from shoots of 80 to 140cm of length, from two-year-old plants grown in the Botanical Garden at State University of Santa Maria, RS, Brazil. Treatments were distributed in a completely randomized block design with three replicates and 30 cuttings per plot. Each experimental block consisted of a plastic tray with capacity for 36 liters of nutrient solution. The experiment was installed on July 15th, 1998 and lasted for 44 days under controlled atmospheric condition (temperature, light and air humidity). Results indicated that (i) the cutting length does not affect the rooting percentage, the leaves and root dry matter. On the other hand, the seedlings obtained from cuttings of 10cm length show greater shoot number, shoot length, stalk dry weight, and total dry weight accumulated per cutting than of cuttings of 20cm; and (ii) the use of cuttings of 10cm is suitable and, therefore, allows to increase the number of cuttings per shoot.
Palavras-chave : Pfaffia glomerata; vegetative propagation; cutting.