Print version ISSN 0103-8478
RHEINHEIMER, Danilo dos Santos et al. Changes of chemical attributes of a soil after burning its native permanent pasture. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2003, vol.33, n.1, pp. 49-55. ISSN 0103-8478. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782003000100008.
Studies done with the soil nutrient dynamics pastures on native fields burned in the South of Brazil are rare. The present work has the objective of evaluating the changes on the soil chemical attributes originated after burning native permanent pasture. The work was developed in Lages - SC, Brazil in a Haplumbrept, on a clay soil and with high percentage of organic matter . The treatments consisted of two adjacent areas, one with 5.06ha. under grazing and burned over and another with 3.5ha submitted to grazing only. The soil temperature, at 1cm of depth, of the burned area was measured by electric drilling. The soil samples, in three layers (0-2, 2-5 and 5-10cm), were taken 3 days before the burning, immediately after the burning and 30, 60, 90, 150, 220 and 350 days after the burning, for the burned treatment; and 3 days before the burning, 90 and 220 days after the burning, for the non-burned treatment. The pH in water and the percentages of total N, N-NO3-+NO2, N-NH4+, Ca+Mg, K, Al and P were determined. The soil on the superficial layer (0¾2cm) was the one which was more susceptible to the burning action, reaching the maximum temperature of 70ºC, at four minutes after the burning. In this layer, the burning caused an increase in the N-NO3- percentages and decrease in the N-NH4+ percentages. Also the burning increased the K, Ca+Mg and the pH values and it decreased the Al+3. Generally, all the soil chemical attributes, which were evaluated, demonstrated a tendency to return to the original values after 90 days of the burning.
Keywords : forages; disponibility; nutrients; burning native permanent pasture.