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PEREIRA, Iara Alvarenga Mesquita; PINTO, José Eduardo Brasil Pereira and DAVIDE, Lisete Chamma. The flower induction and evocation period in Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck cv. Pêra Rio. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2003, vol.33, n.5, pp. 857-862. ISSN 0103-8478. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782003000500010.
The research aims to determine the time in which the inflorescence induction and evocation occurs. The production of inflorescence stimulus (induction) and emission of first sepals in a bud determined as a flower bud (floral evocation) in Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck cv. Pêra Rio could be observed through the anatomic variations of the apical and lateral meristems. Longitudinal sections, stained with pironina Y-methylgreen were done in regular periods from May to August. The time of the year in which the vegetative buds are induced to blossom was determined through the bud shape changes, chiefly considering the diameter, which has increased with the induction. Bud diameter variations were detected on the second half of July, the period of floral morphogenesis incipience. The measurement of the bud diameter is an efficient procedure to follow up the phenomena originated from the floral induction, evocation and morphogenesis. Vegetative buds bring out an average diameter of 100µm with a three-layer tunic in a conic shape, recovering its body. The reproductive bud, in turn, is flatter, after the initiation of the first sepal primordium, showing an average diameter of 200µm. The pironina Y-methylgreen stain provides the observation of the floral evocation phenomenon, through the detection of regions with a higher RNA level, in the bud external areas. This biochemical alteration precedes the sepal emission.
Keywords : orange; Citrus sinensis; Rutaceae; inflorescence; flower induction; flower evocation.