versão impressa ISSN 0103-8478
ROSARIO, Millor Fernandes do; SILVA, Marco Aurélio Neves da; COELHO, Antonio Augusto Domingos e SAVINO, Vicente José Maria. Ascitic syndrome in broiler chickens: a review about physiology, evaluation and perspectives. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2004, vol.34, n.6, pp. 1987-1996. ISSN 0103-8478. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782004000600051.
Poultry genetic breeding programs which look for maximum weight gain, improved feed conversion, high viability, high carcass yield and low fat deposition may cause some physiologic syndromes, for example caloric stress, sudden death and ascites. Ascites is framed in concept of the multifactorial syndromes, once its manifestation happens when certain genetic and environment factors act together, determining the process. Anatomical and physiological limitations in blood circulation in the lungs give rise to pulmonary hypertension syndrome (PHS), producing great fluid accumulation in abdominal cavity, which is denominated ascites. Ascites causes reduction of blood circulation efficiency, leading broilers to death due to hypoxia, mainly between 30 and 40 days of age. Ascitic broilers have reduced body weight gain as a consequence of feed restriction. Additionally, there is increased abdominal cavity volume and internal organ congestion. Ascites is discussed through this manuscript based on physiological description, evaluation measures and perspectives.
Palavras-chave : environment; ascites; heart; broiler chicken; genetics; lung.