Print version ISSN 0103-8478
LOPES, Maria Teresa Gomes et al. Genetic control of resistance to Phaeosphaeria leaf spot in maize. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2007, vol.37, n.3, pp. 605-611. ISSN 0103-8478. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782007000300001.
The Phaeosphaeria leaf spot, of ample occurrence in Brazil, has been causing an expressive reduction in the corn yield in the country. Thus, the development of resistant hybrids to this disease is one of the main objectives of corn breeding programs. Information about the genetic control of resistance to the disease is necessary so that the programs can be efficient. The main goal of this study was to determine the genetic control of resistance to the Phaeosphaeria leaf spot in maize through the assessment of the generation means from two crossing between a resistant inbred line (DAS95 or DAS72) with a susceptible line (DAS21) under natural infection conditions of the disease. The experiment was carried out in Indianópolis (MG) in two sowen dates, October and November, 2000. The randomized blocks design with three repetitions was utilized. The evaluation to resistance was performed thirty days after the flowering using a diagrammatic scale of percentage of the total foliar tissue of the plant affected by the disease. Disease severity means of parental lines and generations F1, F2, RCP1 and RCP2 were analysed according to the model by MATHER & JINKS (1971). Genetic variation due to additive effects varied from 73% to 84% whilst dominant effects ranged from 13% to 23%. In both studied population, the predominance of gene additive over dominant effects was evidented. The inheritance values were high, varying from 61% to 88%. These results indicate favourable conditions to develop new resistance lines to Phaeosphaeria leaf spot with the studied populations.
Keywords : Phaeosphaeria maydis; disease resistance; generation mean analysis; plant breeding.