On-line version ISSN 1678-4596
SILVA, Silmara Bonomi da et al. Platelet-rich plasma combined with hydroxyapatite on bone callus formation in experimental radii fractures in dogs. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2007, vol.37, n.4, pp. 1045-1051. ISSN 1678-4596. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782007000400020.
The present study was aimed at evaluating the effects of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in combination with unabsorbable hydroxyapatite on bone callus formation in an experimental canine diaphyseal radius fracture stabilized with bone plate. Eight mature, male and female mongrel dogs were selected weighed 5 to 15kg. Bone defects were created, bilateral, in both radii diaphysis, corresponding to 25% of bone diameter. On the right radius (group HA/PRP), the defect was filled with PRP and hydroxyapatite. On the left radius (group HA), was placed hydroxyapatite alone. PRP was obtain by a simplified technique using a laboratory centrifuge. Clinical evaluations, bone formation and bone density by use of radiographic and optical densitometry, were compared between group HA/PRP and group HA after 15, 30, 45 and 60 days post surgery. The radiographic and densitometric study did not indicate a significant difference in the bone callus formation between the groups (P>0.05). In the present study the autologous PRP in combination with unabsorbable hydroxyapatite could not accelerated the bone callus in comparison with hydroxyapatite alone.
Keywords : platelet-rich plasma; hydroxyapatite; dogs; bone callus; optic densitometry.