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Ciência Rural

Print version ISSN 0103-8478

Abstract

KUSS, Fernando et al. Performance of cull cows receiving diets with or without monensin. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2008, vol.38, n.1, pp. 173-177. ISSN 0103-8478.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782008000100028.

The feedlot performance of beef cull cows receiving diets without or with monensin (200mg animal-1 day-1), was evaluated. The diet, 48% of roughage and 52% of concentrated, contained 12.5% of crude protein and 2.99Mcal of digestible energy kg-1 of dry matter. The intake of dry matter and digestible energy was reduced 20.9% with the presence of monensin in the diet. The reduction in digestible energy intake by the animals fed with monensin affected negatively their performance, causing a decrease of 22.6% in their weight gain. With higher food intake and consequently superior performance, the control animals presented higher live weight at slaughter (527.49 vs 498.00kg), being 5.8% heavier in relation to the animals fed with monensin. The feed:gain ratio and energy efficiency, were not affected significantly by the presence of monensin in the diet (being the averages 7.78 and 23.24, respectively). The presence of monensin in diet resulted in reductions of dry matter intake and weight gain, however, it did not alter the feed:gain ratio.

Keywords : average daily weight gain; beef culls; dry matter intake; energy efficiency; ionophore.

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