Print version ISSN 0103-8478
LOPES, Marília Lazzarotto Terra et al. Crop-livestock integration system: performance and carcass quality of superprecoce beef steers finished in oat and ryegrass pasture managed under different heights. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2008, vol.38, n.1, pp. 178-184. ISSN 0103-8478. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782008000100029.
This trial aimed at evaluating the performance and carcass quality of superprecoce steers grazing oat and annual ryegrass pastures managed at 10, 20, 30 and 40cm height, and supplemented at the final third of the grazing cicle. Young animals with 10 months on average and initial weight of 190kg were distributed in a randomized block design with three replicates. The herbage allowances were 8.8, 14.7, 29.0 and 48.9kg of dry matter 100kg of live weight-1 (LW), respectively for the treatments 10, 20, 30 and 40cm. The live weight gain per hectare was superior in treatments with lower heights, due to the increased stocking rate, being 529.7, 489.5, 320.9 and 201.6kg of LW, respectively for 10, 20, 30 and 40cm height. The average daily gain and slaughter weight increased with pasture height being fitted by a quadratic model (P<0.05). The fat deposition and the medium dressing of cold carcass averaged 3.8mm and 53.3%, respectively (P>0.05). Superprecoce steers reached slaughter weight and adequately finishing degree when finished in winter cultivated pasture supplemented in final third of grazing cicle. Better individual animal performance was obtained when pasture height ranges from 25 to 30cm, and animal production per hectare when the pasture was managed at 10 cm height.
Keywords : carcass conformation; finishing degree; herbage; allowance; slaughter weight; stocking rate; live weight gain.